Alyokhin, A. 2009. Colorado potato beetle management on potatoes: current challenges and future prospects. In: Tennant P, Benkeblia N (Eds) Potato II. Fruit, Vegetable and Cereal Science and Biotechnology 3 (Special Issue 1): 10-19. (Invited review article).

The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is the most important insect defoliator of potatoes that can completely destroy potato crops. Its current range covers about 16 million km2 in North America, Europe, and Asia and continues to expand. A complex and diverse life history, combined with an impressive ability to develop insecticide resistance, make the Colorado potato beetle a challenging pest to manage. Beetle populations on commercial farms are usually suppressed by insecticides, which are likely to remain the predominant approach for the foreseeable future. In addition, the beetles can be controlled through the use of relatively common cultural practices, with crop rotation being the most effective and easily implemented approach. In spite of a long history of breeding efforts, no commercial cultivars resistant to the Colorado potato beetles are currently available on the market. Natural enemies are usually incapable of reducing beetle densities below the economically damaging levels and have to be used in combination with other control techniques. Unfortunately, there will never be a ?silver bullet? solution to preventing the damage caused by this insect. The only sustainable way to protect potato crops is to integrate multiple control techniques into a scientifically sound management approach. This is not an easy task, but the only alternatives are recurrent crop losses in combination with environmental degradation. [Full Text]