Alyokhin, A. V., P. Yang, and R. H. Messing. 2001. Distribution and parasitism of two-spotted leafhopper eggs (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in Hawaii. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94: 664-669.

The two-spotted leafhopper, Sophonia rufofascia (Kuoh and Kuoh), is a recent invasive pest attacking a wide variety of plant species in Hawaii. We surveyed the distribution and parasitism of its eggs in a number of natural and agricultural habitats on the islands of Kauai, Oahu, and Hawaii. Egg density was fairly low, with egg distribution affected both by plant species and plant habitat. Approximately 40% of S. rufofascia eggs, averaged over all plants and sites, were parasitized by Chaetomymar sp. nr bagichi Narayanan, Subba Rao, & Kaur; Schizophragma bicolor (Dozier); and Polynema sp. Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Percent parasitism varied widely among different plant species and habitats. Ch. sp. nr. bagichi was the most abundant and widely distributed species, but the parasitoid guild varied depending on plant and on habitat. The implications of these results on decisions regarding classical biological control of two-spotted leafhopper in Hawaii are discussed. [Full Text]